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# What Is Book Set in Cricket Betting?

November 10, 2020, 13:18
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Punters in India who bet on cricket often use a form of hedging bet called book set in betting, also known as a loss-cut or trading bet. It is a tool used to ensure that punters do not lose money, regardless of the result of a match.

To understand cricket betting in India, you must get familiar with some local terms such as lagana (backing) and khana (laying). When you back a team to win, you exercise lagana; conversely, when you lay a stake on a team to lose, you put khana into effect.

You must also understand how market rates (desi odds) are quoted. For instance, if a market rate of 50 p is quoted on a favourable result, a punter would stand to gain 50 paise on every rupee (₹) staked on the result (one rupee equals 100 paise).

## How to Book Set in Betting

### A. Example of a book set using khana

In this example, we consider a one-day match between team A and team B. The opening market rate is 50p with team A installed as favourite to win. We will lay a (khana) stake of 20000 on A to lose.

If team A wins, we stand to lose 10000. If team A loses, we stand to gain 20000.

As the match progresses, team B becomes favourite to win, with odds of 70p offered on team B to win. We will now lay a (khana) stake of 20000 on team B to lose. If team B loses, we gain 20000; if team B wins, we lose 14000.

Thus, regardless of the outcome of the game, we can ensure that we don’t lose any money. Consider the arithmetic: a win by team A will mean a net gain of 10000 (20000 minus 10000); a win by team B will mean a net gain of 6000 (20000 minus 14000). (Note: While making the second bet, we must stake a minimum of 10000 as that is the potential loss on bet one that we are trying to hedge.)

### B. Example of a book set using lagana

In the first example, we saw how you can book set (hedge) a khana bet. Now, we will book set a lagana bet.

Assume that in a game between India and Australia, Australia are considered favourites to win, with the market opening with desi odds of 70 p. In our first bet, we back Australia to win with a (lagana) stake of 10000.

If Australia end up winning, we stand to gain 7000; conversely, if Australia lose, we lose our whole stake of 10000.

As the match progresses, the market rate on an Australia win changes to 30 p. We lay a (khana) stake of 10000 on an Australia loss (because this is the amount of loss we are trying to cover).

If Australia lost, we would gain 10000; if Australia won, we would lose 3000.

Thus, if Australia won eventually, we would gain 7000 on the first bet and lose 3000 on the second, implying a net gain of 4000. If Australia lost, we lose 10000 on the first bet and win 10000 on the second, implying that we have neither won nor lost any money on the match.

Accordingly, we can create a ‘book’ as follows:

 Rate Australia India 70 +7000 -10000 30 -3000 +10000 +4000 NIL

## In Conclusion

Once you have understood the arithmetic involved in a book set, you can calculate the desi odds at which you must intervene with your second bet to ensure a ‘loss-cut.’ Experienced punters in India make skillful use of the book set tool to ensure a regular flow of income from betting on cricket while preventing any potential losses.

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